me-PIV-uh-keyn heye-droh-klohr-eyed - Pronunciation guide
- Carbocaine V
Mepivacaine hydrochloride, 1-methyl-2', 6'-pipecoloxylidide monohydrochloride, is commercially provided as a clear, aqueous solution. It is a local anesthetic with rapid onset and long-lasting effect. CARBOCAINE-V is available as 50 mL multiple-dose vials. Store at controlled room temperature, 68° to 77°F (20° to 25°C).
Mepivacaine Hydrochloride is used as a local anesthetic for infiltration around a surgical site, nerve blocks and joint anesthesia (typically used in lameness examinations), epidural (spinal) anesthesia, and topical and/or infiltration anesthesia of the lining of the throat and larynx prior to laryngeal surgery.
It is used in a similar manner to lidocaine hydrochloride, but has a longer-lasting effect. It is often used to anesthetize portions of the hoof or lower leg for surgical procedures.
Dosage and Administration
|Nerve block||3-5 ml||20 mg/ml||Treatment||NA|
|Intraarticular injection||10-15 ml||20 mg/ml||Treatment||NA|
|Infiltration||As required||20 mg/ml||Treatment||NA|
|Anesthesia of the laryngeal mucosa||by topical spray, 25 to 40 mL, by infiltration, 20 to 50 mL||20 mg/ml||Treatment||NA|
Moderate, transient tissue edema may occur at the site of injection.
As with other anesthetics, injections should always be made aseptically and with frequent aspirations.
Not for use in horses intended for food.
Mepivacaine HCl is FDA approved for use in horses.
Keep out of reach of children.
Mepivacaine HCl is a prohibited substance in most sanctioned competitions. It is important to check with the proper regulatory group.
The innate vasoconstrictive activity of CARBOCAINE-V Sterile Aqueous Solution may be enhanced by the addition of epinephrine at 1:100,000. Acepromazine may increase the toxicity of organophosphates. Do not use Acepromazine Maleat Injection to control tremors that result from organic phosphate poisoning. Do not use with procain hydrochloride.
Possible seizures and cardiotoxicity with overdose. Hypotension and respiratory arrest are possible adverse consequences of epidural administration. Acute and chronic toxicity studies have shown a very low order of toxicity.