mag-NE-ze-um hi-DROKS-ide - Pronunciation guide
- Milk of Magnesia
Magnesium hydroxide is a compound of magnesium, which is a naturally occurring mineral, combined with hydroxide. As a suspension in water, it is known as Milk of Magnesia. Magnesium hydroxide is a common component of antacids and laxatives.
Magnesium hydroxide is used as an antacid to neutralize stomach acid and also as a laxative. In some cases, it is prescribed to help relieve mild colic.
Magnesium hydroxide will reduce stomach acidity for a short period of time, but needs to be given every two hours to be effective. For this reason, some veterinarians prefer using amitidine, ranitidine, or omeprazole because of their longer-acting effectiveness and better time compliance on the part of the person administering the drug.
Dosage and Administration
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|Oral||200-250 ml||3 times daily||NA|
None noted if used according to directions.
Diarrhea caused by magnesium hydroxide carries away much of the body's supply of potassium. With prolonged use, extra potassium should be given to prevent cramping of muscles.
Allow at least two hours between other drugs and administration of magnesium hydroxide.
More pronounced diarrhea occurs with overdose.
Milk of Magnesia