Horizon Structures Presents Series: Knowledgeable Horse Barn Building Based on Geography 101

Young and older horse staring at the horizon - Where's the barn?
Young and older horse staring at the horizon - Where's the barn? Lidia Chernova

Newsdate: Friday, February 12, 2021 - 11:35 am
Location: ATGLOW, Pennsylvania

If like me, your schooling included studies in the subject of geography, then you probably know a fair bit about the various types of geography that exist. Perhaps you used to wonder when you’d ever put all those hours of learning to good use.

A new Horizon Structures barn in process of final development.

A new Horizon Structures barn in process of final development

All aspects of geography affect the decision of what, where, how and why to build a horse barn.
© 2020 by Horizon Structures New window.

It might surprise you to know, that an understanding of Geography 101, which includes 3 major types of focus, Physical, Human and Regional Geography, are all important factors in building a new horse barn (and can help with building any other type of structure too), in many more ways than become immediately apparent. Let’s take a look:

Physical Geography

Essentially physical geography helps you navigate the lay of the land, the topography in both a literal and figurative sense. It includes the geology of the land, which of course affects its drainage and suitability for building. Meteorological factors such as high winds and heavy snowfalls, drenching rains and relentless high temperatures are components of physical geography and the general study of the environment in micro and macro terms all come under its oversized golf umbrella.

Personally I loved geology. What girl doesn’t like learning about diamonds! Seriously though, you can mine some serious advantages in selection of an excellent versus average farm property and where best to site buildings and paddocks by the study of the solid, liquid, and gaseous matter that constitutes the Earth.

Limestone bedrock for example offers great drainage as far as a natural water filter to the water table below ground which can make well water safer to ingest and more palatable, but often lacks any measure of topsoil cover so fencing and building can be difficult without drilling down with diamond bits. Sand can offer great drainage but also offers no strength, hardness or tenacity to withstand the weight of a structure or offer stability to the foundation of a building without highly specialized construction of footers and sub-structure.

The banks of rivers and waterways may offer mineral rich soils with a high moisture content ideal for lush pasture growth, but their plains may flash flood and are a high risk environment for water damage of a structure where living space is at ground level and grazing land may become muddy with high traffic use by livestock and  harbor ticks and other insects life harmful to the health of a horse.

So put your thinking ‘school’ cap on before you decide where to buy property and where to site that new horse barn.

Whatever the soil type, geology formation and lay of your land, proper site preparation is essential for horse barns that surpass the humble run-in shed or shedrow.

Human Geography

According to Wikipedia, ”Human geography or anthropogeography is the branch of geography that is associated and deals with humans and their relationships with communities, cultures, economies, and interactions with the environment by studying their relations with and across locations.”

What relevance does it have in the business of building a horse barn? Did you ever think about building a horse ranch in the middle of Manhattan? Probably not! It’s likely that the advent of a horse ranch in the New York City borough, would not be embraced by the present day resident dudes. Although I do confess it would be fun to see. Similarly you might like hot weather but is the desert the best place to ride and keep horses. There is good reason why mankind has settled the geographic areas that it has and left other as much alone as possible.

A horse farm requires space and access for human and horse. There needs to be an availability and proximity of necessary services such as water and electric to ensure a good living situation, places to park, places to ride and to stable and graze the horses. Different types of riding disciplines benefit from different property locations. For example, if you plan an equestrian facility where advanced Eventing is the prime equestrian pursuit, it’s best to purchase property with hilly or rolling terrain rather than an airport worthy flat parcel.

The population and demographics of an area are also important if you are selecting a spot to build a horse boarding operation. If you build it, will they come? An area saturated with horse farms will be a much more difficult market from which to draw clientele for a lesson program than a property situated in an affluent area without an existing equestrian facility.

Regional Geography

The regional differences in climate dictate the style and design of the barn build. For example, steeply pitches A-shaped roofs are the norm in alpine climates while hot climates dictate open sided structures where the breeze can minimize the effects of heat for the animals sheltering inside from the sun.

Cultural development in a specific area can also determine the type of horse barn structure that is most commonly built. Tracts of open land suitable for farming quickly dictated the need for loft storage for crops and feed supplies for winter, and so the monitor style barn was born. This style of barn was the predecessor of the center aisle barn, which is now labeled ‘ An American Style ‘ barn in many regions of Europe.

In warm and temperate climates, the budget-friendly shedrow barn was quickly adapted with the provision of an overhang to offer additional shade and protection from the sun.

Take Home Message

The take home message is that all aspects of geography affect the decision of what, where, how and why to build a horse barn.

I believe my teacher, Mr. Hammond, would be proud of my use of all his hard work in the classroom. “ Hammy,” (as I and my 18 year-old classmates nicknamed him), was passionate about the subject of geography and his attitude to the subject inspired us all to learn. Geography is after all, about more than just knowing the name of the capital of a country and where it lives on the globe.

About Horizon Structures:

One horse or twenty, there's one thing all horse owners have in common...the need to provide safe and secure shelter for their equine partners. At Horizon Structures, we combine expert craftsmanship, top-of-the-line materials and smart "horse-friendly" design to create a full line of sheds and barns that any horse owner can feel confident is the right choice for their horses' stabling needs.

All wood. Amish Made. Most of our buildings are shipped 100% pre-built and ready for same-day use. Larger barns are a modular construction and can be ready for your horses in less than a week. All our barn packages include everything you need -

Horizon Structures also sells chicken coops, equine hay feeders, greenhouses, dog kennels, 1 and 2 car garages, storage sheds and outdoor living structures and playsets.

Headquartered in South-Central Pennsylvania, Horizon Structures, LLC is owned by Dave Zook.  Dave was raised in the Amish tradition and grew up working in the family-owned shed business.  He started Horizon Structures in 2001 in response to an ever-increasing customer demand for high quality, affordable horse barns.

For additional information about the company or their product line, please visit their website at https://www.horizonstructures.com

Article by Nikki Alvin-Smith

About the Author

Nikki Alvin-Smith

Author picture

As a Brit who has called the America home for the past 34 years, Nikki brings a unique perspective to the equestrian world. Nikki is also an accomplished Grand Prix dressage trainer/competitor, competing at international Grand Prix level to scores over 72% and is a highly sought clinician offering clinics worldwide. She has been a horse breeder/importer of warmblood and Baroque breeds for more than 25 years. Together with her husband Paul who is also a Grand Prix trainer, they run a private dressage breeding operation and training yard in the beautiful Catskill Mountains of New York.

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