Rusty Coat? Is a Copper Deficiency the Culprit? Dr. Getty's Advice

Soil rich in iron - Effect on hay for your horse's diet.
Soil rich in iron - Effect on hay for your horse's diet. Photographer name

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The dark color of your horse's coat, mane, and tail can change color. This is often attributed to exposure to sunlight. But red tips on dark manes and dark coats, particularly noticeable in bays and black horses, may be due to a copper deficiency. Fortunately, this is easy to fix. But it requires knowing the levels of copper and zinc in the entire diet.

Copper and zinc need to be balanced. Too much of one can interfere with the uptake of the other. The ideal copper to zinc ratio is 1:3. To bring your horse's diet within this level, you must evaluate everything you are feeding, including hay, pasture, feeds, and supplements.

Effects of mineral deficiencies in horses

Effects of mineral deficiencies in horses

Red tips on dark manes and dark coats, particularly noticeable in bays and black horses, may be due to a copper deficiency which is easy to fix, but it requires knowing the levels of copper and zinc in the entire diet.

The most common mineral imbalance found in hay is too much iron combined with low zinc and copper levels. A high iron concentration can interfere with both zinc and copper absorption, making already low levels of these minerals even less available to your horse. Strive for no more than 8 times more iron than zinc.

The "rusting" of your horse's hair and mane may be the tip of the iceberg. Zinc and copper are involved in many important bodily functions including red blood cell health, metabolic enzymes, immune function, and the overall health of tendons, ligaments, hooves, and bones. Go deeper than the surface - protect your horse's overall health by assessing the mineral content of the entire diet.

About Dr. Getty:

Juliet M. Getty, Ph.D. is an internationally respected equine nutritionist available for private consultations and speaking engagements. Trained and educated in animal nutrition, she is independent of pharmaceutical company influence.

She considers nutrition first for the prevention and treatment of disease and disorders, before turning to medical intervention and the use of medications. Dr. Getty is the Contributing Nutrition Editor for the Horse Journal, and her comprehensive reference book, Feed Your Horse Like a Horse, is offered for purchase through her website and at Amazon.com. Contact Dr. Getty directly at gettyequinenutrition@gmail.com

About the Author

Juliet M. Getty, Ph.D.

Juliet M. Getty, Ph.D. is a specialist in equine nutrition whose philosophy is founded on feeding a horse in sync with his natural needs and instincts. Dr. Getty is the author of the comprehensive resource, Feed Your Horse Like A Horse, and her articles and interviews often appear in national and international publications.

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